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This is now deprecated use hacking on backports.


Additional patches to stable releases

compat-drivers prioritizes pushing software to be upstreamed into respective Linux subsystem development trees. The stable compat-drivers releases are based on vanilla stable kernels and extra version stable (3.x.y) releases as published through the linux-stable.git tree. Stable fixes are propagated through the stable kernel fix propagation mechanism. At times however the stable kernel fix propagation mechanism may not allow OEMs/OSVs/users to get the latest stable patches in time for their own needs. Other times, some patches which are not necessarily "stable" fixes may be desired to be integrated into a stable release by a hardware manufacturer, for one reason or another. At times, a subsystem maintainer may be on vacation and stable fix patches may take a while to get to users. In the worst case scenario some patches may not have been submitted for public review yet, for whatever reason, but it may be desired to merge some temporary patches on a stable release. Because of all these reasons compat-drivers has extended the stable kernel fix propagation mechanism by enabling additional types of patches to be merged into a stable release. Upstream first is still prioritized by categorizing these patches.

There are five categories to compat-wireless' extra patches:

 * pending-stable
 * linux-next-cherry-picks
 * linux-next-pending
 * crap
 * unified-drivers

We document these below.

Legend of additional patches

Releases can either be vanilla releases or have a series of additional patches applied to the release on top of the vanilla release. A flag is appeneded at the end of a release to annotate patches from a specific directory have been applied to this release. The appended extra flag meanings follows:

 * -s - get and apply pending-stable/ from linux-next.git
 * -n - apply the patches linux-next-cherry-picks/ directory
 * -p - apply the patches on the linux-next-pending/ directory
 * -c - apply the patches on the crap/ directory
 * -u - apply the patches on the unified-drivers/ directory

Release with no extra flags are simply vanilla releases of the kernel. Users / Linux distributions are encouraged to use the -uspn releases if they are available, otherwise the -spn relases as these releases will have extra fixes not yet propagated. The -s flag for example indicates that the release has patches marked as stable which will be released by the next 3.x.y release of the kernel so you might as well get them now. Linux distributions are encouraged to use the extra flagged releases as well. We provide the vanilla releases for those Linux distributions which just want vanilla for whatever reason.

Each category is documented below.

Annotating cherry pick preference

If you want to annotate that a patch should be considered for inclusion into the stable releases of compat-drivers under linux-next-cherry-picks/ you can annotate it by adding a tag on the commit log line, Cc: An example follows. By annotating these patch a script can be used to scrape linux-next for extracting these patches when building a stable release.

commit 061acaae76dfb760f4f3fddf0cde43915b7d673c
Author: Luis R. Rodriguez <>
Date:   Wed Dec 7 21:50:07 2011 +0530

    cfg80211: allow following country IE power for custom regdom cards
    By definition WIPHY_FLAG_STRICT_REGULATORY was intended to allow the
    wiphy to adjust itself to the country IE power information if the
    card had no regulatory data but we had no way to tell cfg80211 that if
    the card also had its own custom regulatory domain (these are typically
    custom world regulatory domains) that we want to follow the country IE's
    noted values for power for each channel. We add support for this and
    document it.
    This is not a critical fix but a performance optimization for cards
    with custom regulatory domains that associate to an AP with sends
    out country IEs with a higher EIRP than the one on the custom
    regulatory domain. In practice the only driver affected right now
    are the Atheros drivers as they are the only drivers using both
    used on cards that have an Atheros world regulatory domain. Cards
    that have been programmed to follow a country specifically will not
    follow the country IE power. So although not a stable fix distributions
    should consider cherry picking this.
    Cc: Paul Stewart <>
    Cc: Rajkumar Manoharan <>
    Cc: Senthilkumar Balasubramanian <>
    Reported-by: Rajkumar Manoharan <>
    Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <>
    Signed-off-by: John W. Linville <>

pending-stable patches

These are patches merged into linux-next.git but that have not yet been merged into the linux-stable.git tree.

From the pending-stable/README:

Often right before the merge window we get a block on non
oops/regression fixes for stable fixes. Some stable fixes
often get propagated afterwards during the extraversion
maintenance of the kernels. Right before the merge window
circa rc4 and rc5 subsystem maintainers get pegged if they
throw in non oops/regression fixes for Linus or their
respective upstream maintainer. While this makes sense
for tree management and stable release considerations we
still need to get users some stable patches propagated.

This directory is there to help with that. Only patches
which have been merged into linux-next.git will be included
in this directory which means you must post it and the maintainer
should have merged it and Stephen would have picked it up.

This directory will always be empty for bleeding edge
releases as bleeding edge releases are always based on
linux-next already. This directory only makes sense for
stable release of the kernel, and it we will always try
to use it, in case there are stable fixes not yet propagated.

linux-next-cherry-picks patches

From the linux-next-cherry-picks/README:

We work hard to get patches in time onto the stable
tree but sometimes a few things slip out, and sometimes a
stable fix is simply too big in size to be merged into
stable. In such cases though we do believe some of these
patches are still relatively important to either enable new
hardware which escaped the late rc cycles or to correct some
behaviour which might be too late for stable. We apply
these patches by default as they will be supported on these

The larger the number of patches you see in this directory
the more we should be ashamed. We should strive to reduce this
to 0 all the time.

This directory will always be empty for bleeding edge
releases as bleeding edge releases are always based on
linux-next already.

linux-next-pending patches

From the linux-next-pending/README:

You must have a really good reason to be adding files
in this directory. The requirement is your patches must have
been posted to a public mailing list for the subsystem you are
working on. Each patch you add here must have a really good
explanation on the top of the file which clarifies why the
patch has not yet been merged OR specify it on the commit log
when you add it on compat-wireless.

We try to avoid having patch files because but we understand
if you might because you need to test code posted but not yet
merged into linux-next or a stable kernel release. This can happen
often during the merge window, when the maintainers are unavailable,
on vacation, suck at what they do, or for any other uncontrollable

crap patches

From the crap/README:

If you are including patches into this directory you
must be fixing some critical bug for a customer which needs
immediate release or immediate testing.

Alternatively you would use this to apply some sort of
crap code you are maintaining.

You must have a really good reason to be adding files
in this directory. If possible you should explain your
reasoning of why the patch is getting included here and
not upstream and why it hasn't even yet been posted.

You should avoid these patches at all costs.

unified-drivers patches

From the unified-drivers/

compat-drivers supports developers to supply a unified                          
driver git tree which is being used to target support                           
for getting the driver in line with requirements for                            
linux-next. Once the driver gets upstream the driver                            
gets removed and we cherry pick updated version of the                          
driver directly from linux upstream.                                            
The code provided on this tree must try to adhere to                            
conventions for targetting inclusion into linux-next.                           
The compat-drivers patches/unified-drivers/ directory                           
allows for any additional required backport delta to                            
be addressed for the supplied driver. This allows                               
development and transformation of the driver to always                          
be targetting linux-next and allows for backporting                             
to be dealt with separately.  
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